The ends of the bones within a joint are covered by a spongy tissue called cartilage, which is lubricated by synovial fluid.These facilitate within the sleek, friction-free movement of the joints.Wear-and-tear or harm to those tissues will result in inflammatory disease.
Arthritis is an inflammatory condition of the joints. Arthritis in the wrists can cause swelling, pain, stiffness, weakness and joint deformity, all of which interfere with the daily activities of the wrist.
The wrist joint is comprised of eight carpal bones that join the radius and ulna, the two forearm bones.Traumatic injuries, fractures and joint dislocations within the gliding joint cause you to additional vulnerable todeveloping inflammatory disease.
There are several types of arthritis. The most common are:
Osteoarthritis: Also called degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis that occurs due to wear-and-tear that is associated with the aging process.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: This is an auto-immune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks healthy joints, tissues and organs. Occurring most often in women, it inflames the synovium. Rheumatoid arthritis most commonly affects the small joints of the hands and wrists, and tends to be symmetrical (affecting the same joint on either side of the body, at the same time and with the same symptoms). It usually affects the joint of between the radius and ulna.
Post-traumatic inflammatory disease: Arthritis developing when AN injury to the wrist joint is termed post-traumatic wrist joint inflammatory disease.
The condition may develop years after trauma such as a fracture, severe sprain or ligament tears.
Non surgical treatments
Nonsurgical treatment ways for relieving pain in Associate in Nursing unhealthy joint embody activity modification, NSAIDs, use of splints and steroid injections.
Surgery is sometimes thought-about if medical procedure treatment fails to produce relief.
There are different surgical procedures, usually performed through arthroscopy (minimally invasive surgery), and may include:
Proximal Row Carpectomy: This involves the removal of 3 carpal bones to alleviate pain and permit partial articulatio plana motion.
Arthroplasty: during this procedure, your MD removes the affected joint and replaces it with artificial implants.
Arthrodesis: A fusion, additionally referred to as AN arthrodesis involves removal of the broken regions of the bones of the articulatio plana and fusing the bones along, mistreatment metal wires or screws for support. Fusion can be partial, retaining some amount of wrist movement, or complete where all eight carpal bones as well as the forearm bones are fused, eliminating any kind of movement at the wrist, but not affecting forearms rotation.
Your surgeon will discuss your options and help you decide which type of surgery is most appropriate for you.