An acquired condition characterised by white pathes on different parts of body. It’s a social problem with lot of stigma attached to it. It can be treated effectively with various measures, but the treatment is prolonged.
The stigma associated with this cutaneous condition is due to the importance given to the normal skin colour and the misconception that it may be spread due to contact. Since ancient times, this disorder has been called with different names and has been associated with significant social stigma.
Vitiligo is characterized by destruction of the pigment producing cell i.e. melanocytes. This damage to melanocytes leads to lack of pigment in the patch appearing as localized depigmented patch. The texture of the skin is otherwise normal, in some of the cases the depigmented patch may show white hairs, the presence of white hair represents a more resistant disease.