Melasma may be a common skin disease. It causes dark, brown to gray-brown patches on the face and is symmetrical, with matching marks on either side of your face. Although, it seems on all a part of the body, however it’s typically found on cheeks, bridge of their nose, forehead, chin, and higher than their upper lip. It may seem on different parts of the body that get immeasurable sun, like forearms and neck.

Signs & Symptoms

Common signs of melasma are brown or gray-brown patches on the face, typically on the forearms or neck and typically causes irritation. These patches most ordinarily seem on the cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, above the upper lip, chin. melasma is commonly related to the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. it’s common in pregnant ladies, ladies taking contraception pills (oral contraceptives), ladies taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) during menopause.


It usually happens once the color-making cells within the skin (melanocytes) turn out an excessive amount of color. people with skin of color are additional liable to melasma as a result of they need additional active melanocytes than those with light skin.

Main Causes are –

Sun exposure:Ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun stimulates the melanocytes.

A change in hormones:Pregnant ladies are additional liable to get melasma. once melasma seems in pregnant ladies, it’s known as chloasma, or the mask of pregnancy. contraception pills and secretion medication will trigger melasma.

Cosmetics:Skin care products that irritate the skin may worsen melasma.

Prevention for melasma

It is unacceptable all cases of melasma will be cleared up with treatment. However, there are belongings you will do to reduce look of the discoloration that includes:

  • Wearing sunscreen with SPF 30
  • Taking prescribed medication by doctors.
  • wearing protective clothing from sunshine.